During the first two years, a baby’s brain grows a lot. A large proportion of the brain is fat, and much of this fat is in the form of the omega-3s DHA and EPA. Once baby is off of breast milk or formula, aim to feed your little one 300 mg DHA per day. And give your baby a full-fat diet, avoiding low-fat foods. (Breast milk is almost half fat and can be rich in omega-3s if mom consumes them).
Once baby is no longer nursing (or it is not a large part of her diet) start on liquid multivitamin drops with at least 150 mg DHA and 400 IU vitamin D.
Historically babies nursed for 2-3 years, so by all means nurse as long as you both want to!
By now, baby can eat most foods – cut into a manageable size and wean off of jarred food.
Can start giving whole cow’s milk in a sippy cup (in addition to breastmilk if still nursing).
Even at 1 year, better to avoid juice, but if do give, should have a max of 4-6 oz/day until age 6, and a max of 8-12 oz/day after that. Dilute with water. Opt for whole fruit over fruit juice.
Offer good fats – salmon, egg yolk, avocado. Avoid low-fat foods until age 2.
Watch serving sizes (we tend to overestimate portions).
Rinse canned fruits before serving (eliminates excess sugar).
Can introduce allergens – egg whites, cow’s milk, nut butters, soy, citrus, fish, honey.
One to three year olds should get 7 mg/day of iron, in the form of food or supplements (good iron-containing foods = iron-fortified cereal, tofu, prune juice, beans, green beans, peas, spinach, sweet potatoes, eggs, lentils, lean meat, and seafood). May need supplements until eating extensive solid foods.
Make sure you eat together as a family – has tons of self-esteem benefits for children. Restaurants are okay too – teaches kids food is special, how to behave in public, etc.
Nutritional requirements at 1 year:
* 900 calories
* 13 grams protein
* 500 mg calcium
* 35 grams fat
(For perspective, 2 cups of whole milk contains 300 calories, 16 g protein, 550 mg calcium, and 16 g fat).
Minimum daily intake at 1 year:
* 1.5 ounces lean meat or beans
* ¾ cup veggies
* 1 cup fruit
* 2 ounces whole grains
* 2 cups organic milk (not much more than that, or will replace other foods she needs):
Can break up into smaller servings (ex. 2 – 4 oz. glasses of milk instead of 1 - 8 oz.).
FEEDING BABY QUICK GUIDE
1 year and up
|protein||1.5 oz/day – choose 2||1 egg, ¼ C kidney/black beans, 1.5 tsp. peanut/nut butter, 2 thin slices turkey/ham, ¼ small chicken breast|
|dairy||2 servings/day – choose 2||8 oz. yogurt, 8 oz. whole milk, ½ C ricotta, 2 slices (1.5 oz.) cheese|
|grains||2 ounces/day – choose 2||½ whole-wheat English muffin, ½ C cooked oatmeal, ½ C cooked whole-wheat pasta, 1 slice whole-wheat bread, 5 whole grain crackers, whole-grain waffle|
|veggies||¾ C/day – choose 2||1/3 C carrots, 2 ½ broccoli florets, 3 cherry tomatoes (quartered), ¾ C raw or 1/3 C cooked spinach, ½ sweet potato|
|fruits||1 C/day – choose 2||4 oz. applesauce (unsweetened), ½ C grapes (quartered), ½ C banana/berries/apple/pear, ¼ C raisins|